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RTI Legislation of other Countries

Across the world about 50 countries has guaranteed right to information as constitutional rights and 84 countries has enacted right to information legislation. This section comprises right to information legislation of different 15 countries. The updated was made on August 2010.
 
1. Promotion of Access to Information act, 2000 - South Africa 

To give effect to the constitutional right of access to any information held by the State and by the any other person this Act was enacted in 2000 by the Parliament of the Republic of South Africa. This Act is a progressive one having jurisdiction over the individual person too. To enjoy this right, public can demand information from the State bodies, juristic and natural person too. 

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2. The Access to Information Act, 2005 - Uganda 

To give effect to the constitutional right to information in pursuant to Article 41 of its constitution, Access to Information Act was enacted in 2005 by the parliament of the Uganda. Other reasons for the enactment of this law are to prescribe the classes of information held by the public authority along with prescribing the procedure of obtaining access to that information. 

Along with guarantying the constitutional right to information, it has been adopted to make government accountable, transparent, and effective and also to combat maladministration and corruption. Empowerment of the public to effectively scrutinize and participate in government decisions are also the reasons for its enforcement. 

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3. Freedom of Information Act, 1982 - Australia 

To guarantee the public's right of access official document of the government and its agencies, this Act was enacted in 1982 by the House of Parliament of Australia. 

The objectives of this Act is to extend the right of the Australian community to access information possessed by the government by making available to the public about the operations of departments and public authorities, and by creating a general right of access to information to the document in possession of the Ministers and departments. 

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4. Open Government Information Regulations, 2008 - People’s Republic of China 

This Regulation was adopted by the State Council of People's Republic of China on January 17, 2007 and came in operation from May 1, 2008. It was enforced with the objective of ensuring citizen's, legal person's and other organization's access to obtain government information. Other objectives are to enhance transparency of the work of the government, promote administration in accordance with law, and ensure the role of government information in serving the people's production and livelihood. 

This regulation has been adopted to make an open government policy by disclosing the official document to the people in one hand and granting them authority to seek information from the government document on the other hand. 

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5. Access to Administrative Document Act, 1985 - Denmark 

To ensure citizens right to seek and get the administrative documents from government officials and private organizations working for the public utilities, the Access to Administrative Document Act has been enacted in 1985. 

This Act applies mostly to public agencies however an unusual clause extends coverage to private or public energy suppliers too. It enhances the public by granting the access to the administrative documents so as to make accountable administrative organs concerning the citizen's right. 

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6. Federal Act on the Principle of Freedom of Information in Public Administration (Freedom of Information Act, FIA), 2007- Switzerland 

Federal Assembly of Swiss Confederation adopted it in 2004 which came into effect from 2007. It was enacted to promote transparency with regard to the mandate and activities of the public administration by ensuring public's access to official documents. 

This Act gives twin approaches of this right. Firstly, it requires for the State's accountability for the disclosure of public official document and secondly, guarantees the right of the citizen to ask and inspect the information from the public offices. 

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7. Freedom of Information Act, 2005 - Germany 

This Act was enacted by the Bundestag (Parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany) in 2005, with the underlying principles of equal rights of every person along with the juristic person to access information for good motive only. 

This Act focuses on the individual's rights to get official documents and duty of the public officials in so forth. 

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8. Freedom of Information Ordinance, 2002 - Pakistan 

To ensure transparency, freedom of information and to ensure that the rights of citizens to access public records and documents this ordinance was enforced in 2002. Consultation was made with Ministry of Law, Human Rights and Parliamentary affairs with the intention to make the federal government accountable to its citizens while drafting this law. 

It has ensured citizen's right to access the official document imposing obligation to government officials to maintain the public records. 

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9. The Right to Information Act, 2005 – India 

This Act has been enacted by the Indian parliament in 2005 in order to provide practical regime of right to information for its citizen to secure access to information held by public authorities. It focuses on promotion of transparency and accountability from the public authorities. 

This Act applies to all the State and Union Territories of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir, which is covered under a separate State level law. Any citizens excluding Jammu and Kashmir can request for the official document. 

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10. Act on Access to Information Held by Administrative Organs, 1999 - Japan 

Access to Information Act was enacted in Japan with the intention to protect the sovereignty of the people by allowing them to exercise their right to obtain administrative documents. It has been enacted by the Parliament of Japan in 1999 to ensure the administrative organ accountable and to promote fair and democratic administration. 

This law creates for the first time a legally enforceable right of access to Japanese national ove the government held documents. Based on it, Japanese citizens can demand for the access of public document. 

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11. Law of Transparency and Access to Public Information, 2003 - Peru 

In pursuant to the Article 2 of the Political Constitution of Peru 1993, Law of Transparency and Access to Public Information was enacted in 2003 to promote transparency and ensure citizens access to the information held by the public authority. 

The Act has been promulgated with the principle of disclosure of the information by the public authority either in the form of written or through internet. 

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12. Public Information Disclosure Act, 2008 - Indonesia 

Realizing information as a basic need to develop personality of every person; the Public Information Disclosure Act was enforced in 2008 by mutual consent of the Parliament and the President of the Republic of Indonesia having the expediency of the law regarding transparency of public information. 

It was enacted for guarantying the human rights to access public information, to make transparency of the activities of the public officials and to ensure informative society by disseminating the information relating the public concern. 

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13. Freedom of Information Act, 2000 - United Kingdom 

It was enacted in 2000 by the parliament of the United Kingdom but came into force only from 1st January 2005. This Act makes a provision for the disclosure of information held by public authorities and aims to ensure transparency and accountability. 

The Act includes provision to extend its coverage to organizations that carry out functions of the public nature and to contractors who provide services having a function similar to that of public authority. 

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14. Freedom of Information Act, 2007- United States of America 

With the ongoing stress on both constitutional and inherent rights of American citizens and the added assertion of government subservience to the individual, it was necessary for the available of government information to the public. 

For the fulfillment of that assertion, the Freedom of Information Act was adopted in 2007 in USA. 

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15. Act on Disclosure of Information by Public Agencies, 1996 - South Korea 

The Act on Disclosure of Information by Public Agency was enacted in 1996 by the South Korean government with the intent of ensuring people's right to know and to secure participation of the people in State affairs. 

The Act is enforced to promote transparency in the operation of state affairs. Act provides an obligation to the government for disclosing the matters concerning the information possessed and managed by public agencies. 

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